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There are as many reasons not to keep chickens as there are reasons for keeping them. I’ve kept chickens for about three years now, so I thought I’d write up this list of pros and cons of raising these quirky animals. If you have chickens I bet you can relate to this post, and if you’re thinking about getting started with them, I hope this provides a lighthearted and somewhat balanced expectation-checker!
1. You can make a profit with chickens. (But then again you might not break even with chickens.)
It’s best if you go into chicken-keeping with the mindset of starting a slightly pricey hobby. Yes, it is possible to make a profit with chickens, or at least perhaps break even by not having to buy eggs anymore. There are startup costs such as building a coop, getting feeders and waterers, and setting up a brooder (if you’ll be raising chicks). You can make or retrofit a chicken coop on practically any budget, but it’s an investment you may not make back. (Our own chickens have probably not made back the money we spent building their coops!) All that being said, as you become a better chicken keeper, you will start to see opportunities to “monetize” your flock.
2. You will have a source of fresh chicken meat. (But you will have to learn how to slaughter and butcher.)
Some people only keep a few hens for egg purposes, and never plan to slaughter. However, if you will be actually raising chickens, remember that about 50% of chicks (in a “straight run”, meaning not selected for sex) will grow up to be roosters. This means that you will have a great source of fresh chicken meat, but it also means that you will have to learn how to slaughter and butcher those roosters (and the occasional old hen, if you have a “no-freeloaders” policy for your coop). My husband willingly (thankfully!) slaughters our table-chickens, and I am usually in charge of butchering. However I usually watch the slaughter as well because I think it is respectful to the animal, and that if I want to eat it, I should be able to see it go from animal to meat.
3. You will learn things you never thought you needed to know. (With chickens, anything that can go wrong, will go wrong.)
If you plan on getting started with keeping chickens, it helps to study up beforehand and learn the basics of chickens’ biology, behavior, and needs, husbandry skills, and where to get veterinary or expert advice in your area. I bought my first chicken on a whim from a woman who showed up at my courtyard door. I never thought I would keep chickens, but the lady needed cash and I wanted to help her out. I knew next to nothing about chickens but knew that they are flock animals who do not thrive by themselves, so I bought another chicken in town. That one died. I bought another one and that one died too. (They probably had Newcastle but again I knew nothing about chickens back then.) Fast forward three years, a great reference book, and endless Google searches later. In that time I’ve seen infectious diseases, parasites, vitamin deficiencies, predators, thieves, you name it. I’ve come a long way from that first chicken I bought from my back door. I’ve profitably kept laying hens and “village”-type dual-purpose chickens. But I’m still learning and it’s always in the back of my head that just when I think I’ve seen it all, my chickens will pull a fast one on me and humble me all over again!
4. Chickens provide endless free entertainment. (Chickens might become both your work and your play.)
Shortly after we got about 60 laying hens, my husband built a bench right outside their run, replacing the rather-uncomfortable cinder block I had been sitting on to watch them in the afternoons. Chickens are great fun to watch, especially if they have the space to free-range and if you teach them to come for a treat when you call. If you’re new to chickens, just watching them interact with each other and their environment will teach you so much. You will learn their body language and be able to tell who might be sick, who’s at the top of the pecking order, who will lay an egg in the next few hours. If you want to keep chickens successfully, you must watch them for some amount of time every day to see how they’re doing. This informal observation is crucial and, with time, can tell you a lot about how your flock is doing. These days I watch my chickens the most at the end of the day when they’re coming in to the coop from the surrounding fields. Chickens really do get you outside and in the present as you watch them scratch around and mind their business.
5. Once you have a few chickens, you will want to keep adding more. (Your coop will never be big enough!)
I started with one chicken, and currently have probably about 50 or 60 in my coop. Chickens can become an addictive hobby. They come in endless breeds, colors, shades of eggs laid. You could easily become a “chicken collector” and fill your coop to bursting. In the horse world, they say that you shouldn’t build a stable with extra stalls because you will feel a compulsion to fill them with horses. I really think the same is true with chickens.
All that being said, I can’t really imagine life without chickens now. As much as they can occasionally frustrate, and although sometimes we just break even with feed costs, they add spunk, eggs, and fertilizer to our homestead and I wouldn’t want it any other way!
(Before I finish: here are Amazon links to three chicken- and poultry-keeping books I recommend:)
Storey’s Guide to Raising Poultry by Glenn Drowns (great reference book if you’re considering ever keeping other kinds of poultry than just chickens)
Storey’s Guide to Raising Chickens by Gail Damerow
The Chicken Chick’s Guide to Backyard Chickens by Kathy Shea Mormino
What are the biggest pros and cons of chicken-keeping where you are? I’d love to hear from you in the comments!